Microstructure of Titanium and Its Alloys


A three-step preparation procedure was developed for titanium and its alloys. Attack polishing is utilized in the third step for optimal results, particularly for imaging alpha-Ti with polarized light. Two-phase α-β alloy specimens and all β alloys are easier to prepare than single-phase α specimens. Kroll’s reagent appears to be adequate for most alloys. A modification of Weck’s reagent was used for color metallography.


The articles and presentations that can be down-loaded from this web site are based upon work done by GFV while employed at Bethlehem Steel (1967-1983), Carpenter Technology (1983-1996), Buehler Ltd. (1996-2009) and Struers (2009-Present) and from the authors consulting work for companies such as, Latrobe Steel, Scot Forge, etc., and from his litigation work. GFV's bylined articles appearing in various issues of the ASM Handbook series have been listed here courtesy of ASM International, Materials Park, Ohio.