Equipment and consumable supplies for preparing very hard metals, oxides, carbides, borides and nitrides has improved substantially over the past forty years. Due to their high hardness, diamond is the chief abrasive used in cutting, grinding and polishing. Preparation procedures have been developed and are straightforward and simple to use. Etching of oxides is still somewhat challenging. Use of illumination modes other than bright field should always be considered when working with these materials.
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The articles and presentations that can be down-loaded from this web site are based upon work done by GFV while employed at Bethlehem Steel (1967-1983), Carpenter Technology (1983-1996), Buehler Ltd. (1996-2009) and Struers (2009-Present) and from the authors consulting work for companies such as, Latrobe Steel, Scot Forge, etc., and from his litigation work. GFV's bylined articles appearing in various issues of the ASM Handbook series have been listed here courtesy of ASM International, Materials Park, Ohio.